When you're towing a trailer with your vehicle and you need to slow down to stop, you're going to want to make sure your trailer has working brakes. There are a few different types of trailer brakes, Surge Brakes, Electric Trailer Brakes and Exhaust Brakes. Surge Brakes work by slowing down using the weight of the trailer itself. When you step on your vehicle 's brakes, a hydraulic cylinder compresses transferring pressure to the brakes, causing the trailer to slow. Electric Trailer Brakes use electromagnetic brake drums to slow the trailer. Exhaust Brakes will slow the trailer down by closing down the exhaust, building enough back-pressure in the cylinders to make the engine actually work in reverse and slow down.
What Are The Differences Between The Different Types Of Trailer Brakes?
The benefit of using Surge Brakes is that the brake mechanism is fully contained and are built into the the trailer. Surge Brakes are mechanical and do not require any extra connections. With Electric Brakes, they cost more money to get set up, but you are able to make adjustments to how hard it brakes. You do this with a required electric brake controller. This type of trailer brake will require connections between the trailer and towing vehicle, however. Exhaust Brakes can be efficient in that they can prevent normal brakes from overheating and are silent. They are also good if you are traveling over hilly terrain as they are able to slow down better when going down hills.